UNIT 5 : Английский язык для юристов - Александр Яковлевич Зеликман : Книги по праву, правоведение

UNIT 5

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РЕКЛАМА
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Фонетика: sounds [ö], [Ó]

Словообразование: суффиксы существительных -ing; -ism; суффикс прилага­тельных -an

Грамматика: герундий, модальные глаголы can, may, must; инфинитивная конструк­ция It is too ... to do smth.

Текст: «Peace rally»

5.1. Sound right

5.1.1. Listen, look, say:

come       cut          mummy  dull

some       but          sonny                     lull

none       just         hurry                      hull

done       shut        other                       bulk

mud        must       under                      cult

won        puff         utter                        pulse

tongue   stuff        southern                bulge

5.1.2. Listen, look, say:

1. Tough luck! Just my luck!

2. Pluck up your courage!

3. Double Dutch!

4. Here's another country cousin.

5. Gus chucked up the sponge.

6. Russ hung up hurriedly.

7. Lush is nothing but a money-grubber.

8. Gust mustn't trust to luck.

9. Brother made Mother's cup run over.

10. Duff just struck me as funny.

11. Such luck running into uncle Duncan.

12. None but dullards copy one other.

5.1.3. Listen, look, say:

are           arm          art           army

bar          hard      part           party

car           card      cart            drama

char        charge  chart         hardly

far           farm      farce          demand

star         starve     start        tomato

5.1.4. Listen, look, say:

1. Start the car.

2. Are these pass marks?

3. Are we to be a large party?

4. He laughs best who laughs last.

5. Father's rather hard on Charles.

6. Cars can't be parked here after dark.

7. Shan't we dance after classes?

8. How smart you are, aren't you, Mark?

9. Barbara's art and part of the party.

10. I shan't value Carl's arguments at a brass farthing.

5.1.5. Listen and look. Pay attention to the difference between [{] and [a:]; [{] as in maths, [a:] as in can't.

I

1. I shan't pass the maths exam.

2. I shan't pass in art.

1. Maths is too hard. I can't understand it.

2. I am very bad in art.

1. Perhaps you'll pass.

2. I shan't. Perhaps you'll pass.

1. No, no. I can't pass.

II

1. We've passed.

2. I haven't passed in art, have I?

1. You have. And I've passed in maths. By one mark.

2. Isn't that fabulous?

1. We must have a party.

2. We'll have a fabulous party!

1. Just imagine, we've passed!

5.1.6. Listen, look, say. Pay attention to the intonation.

5.1.7. Read the dialogues in pairs.

*5.1.8. Try to read the tongue-twisters as fast as you can. Pay attention to the sounds [{] and [ö].

1. A big black bug bit

a big black bear,

then a big black bear bit

the big black bug.

And when the big black bear

bit the big black bug,

then the big black bug

bit the big black bear.

bug—клоп

bit (bite)—укусил

bear — медведь

2. Can you imagine an imaginary menagerie manager managing an imaginary menagerie?

imaginary — воображаемый

menagerie [me'n{³@rI] — зверинец

to manage — управлять.

5.2. Word-building: -ing, -ism, -an

5.2.1. Compose nouns with the help of suffix -ing and translate them.

act, begin, beat, draw, freeze, grow, hunt, cross, shoot, train.

5.2.2. Answer the following questions:

1. How often do you do your shopping?

2. What painting do you enjoy?

3. When does harvesting begin?

4. Where do you keep your savings?

5. What kind of exercises do you have to do in writing?

5.2.3. Find the pairs of antonyms in the left and right columns:

collectivism           idealism

materialism            leftism

rightism                  individualism

atheism                  realism

abstractivism        capitalism

communism           religionism

conservatism        barbarism

humanism              progressivism

revolutionism        evolutionism

5.2.4. Give Russian equivalents to the following adjec­tives:

Palestinian, Hungarian, Canadian, Austrian, Bul­garian, Mexican, Libyan.

5.2.5. Answer the following questions:

1. Where is the Caspian sea?

2. What are the Crimean resorts famous for?

3. What South American countries produce cof­fee?

4. What Scandinavian countries are monarchies?

5. What Asian rivers are the longest?

5.3. Full understanding

5.3.1. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте:

to protest, placard, to stop, form, regime [reI'ZÖm], Asia [eIS@], Africa, Latin America, New York, racism, nazism ['nÓtsIzm], to finance [faI'n{ns], racist, fact, progressive, ideology.

*5.3.2. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте, запоминайте:

New words:

to make a speech — произнести речь

food — пища

pour — бедный

meeting — встреча

representative — представитель

to accuse [@'kjüz] — обвинять

chairman — председатель

defence counsel ['kauns(@)l] — защитник.

hearing — слушание (судебного дела)

to be over — заканчиваться

to call on — призывать (кого-л.)

crime — преступление

to strengthen ['streÎÕ(e)n] — укреплять

to find guilty ['gIltI] — признать виновным

sitting of the court — заседание суда

prosecutor ['prosIkjut@] — прокурор, обвини­тель

prosecution — обвинение

to commit a crime — совершать преступление

witness — свидетель

evidence |'еvId(@)ns] — свидетельское показа­ние

sentence — приговор

numerous — многочисленный

to look like — быть похожим

to assassinate [@'s{sIneIt] — убивать

unemployment — безработица

School vocabulary:

thousand, against, to need, to spend, money, to use, country, together, to defend, world, to think.

*5.3.3. Прочтите и переведите:

At the Meetings

We are in New York now. Together with Jane Snow and thousands of young men and women we are taking part in a meeting of protest against unemployment. Students and professors, workers and employees are protesting against the threat of being fired. You can see slogans and placards everywhere. They say: «We want job! Unemployment — no!»

Look! Jane is making a speech. Listen: «Why can't the government provide job for us? Mr. President must think of the development of national economy and not of supporting political regimes in other countries. He may spend this money on food for poor Americans, but he mustn't use it for military purposes». Everybody is shouting in support of Jane.

Nell Pavlova is also at the meeting but in Rostov. This meeting is taking form of the tribunal. The represent­atives of many countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America are taking part in the work of this tribunal. They accuse racism and nazism. Everything looks like the real sitting of the court. You can see the prosecutor and the chairman of the tribunal. The prosecutor is speaking about the crimes committed by neonazists and racists in different countries of the world. Then the first witness of the prosecution is taking place at the witness-stand.1 He is giving evidence of financing criminals by some powerful groups. You may also hear the other witnesses giving the true facts of assassinating the progressive leaders in different countries. You can't see the defence counsel here. Nobody wants to defend racists and nazists. The hearing is over and the chairman is reading the sentence. The tribunal finds the neonazism and racism guilty in numerous crimes against humanity and calls on the progressive youth of the world to strengthen the unity in fighting against this dangerous ideology.

Note: 1. witness-stand — место для дачи свидетельских показаний

5.3.4. В тексте есть 5 случаев употребления герундия. Найдите их и переведите эти предложения.

5.3.5. В следующих предложениях с -ing-forms спря­таны предложения с герундием. Найдите их и переведите.

1. I don't like doing such things. 2. He's doing very well at school. 3. Let me finish reading that book. 4.1 think of coming to your place tomorrow. 5. He's against making a speech at the meetings. 6. Testing nuclear weapons is a crime against humanity. 7. The hearing is over. 8. In American courts you can often hear the prosecutor accusing poor people. 9. The defence counsel is using a lot of documents for defending his client. 10. Making his speech the prosecutor says: «Mr. Black couldn't commit this crime without spending much mon­ey».

5.3.6. Ваши друзья интересуются, что вы любите, а чего не любите делать. Расскажите им об этом, употребляя в речи герундий.

Model: I like dancing. —1 don't like singing.

5.3.7. Узнайте как можно больше, что ваш партнер умеет делать. Задайте вопросы типа «Can you ...?» Время — 1 мин. Поменяйтесь ролями. Затем суммируйте полученную информацию.

*5.3.8. Представьте, что вы — на митинге протеста в Нью-Йорке, а ваш партнер на процессе в Ростове. Расспросите друг друга, что вы можете видеть и слышать там.

*5.3.9. Скажите по-английски:

1. Ты не можешь выступить на собрании? — Конечно, могу. 2. Я не могу тратить на тебя столько денег. 3. Почему ты не можешь вы­ступить в поддержку молодежи? 4. К сожа­лению, я не умею говорить по-французски. 5. Вы можете принять участие в митинге протеста? — Да, конечно. 6. Представитель этой страны не может приехать на слушание дела.

5.3.10. Ваш друг не уверен, какой глагол: can или may нужно использовать в следующих ситуациях. Помогите ему, пожалуйста.

1. ...you come to the meeting next Saturday? — I'm sorry, I... not tell you today. ...I phone you on Wednesday? — Certainly. 2. You ... think what you like, but I ... be present at the hearing of this case.— But why? — ...I not tell you just now? — It's up to you.

* 5.3.11. Скажите по-английски:

1. Вы можете прийти в 9 часов? Адвокат, возможно, будет рано. — Хорошо! 2. Поз­вольте взглянуть на тетрадь. Может быть, это тетрадь моей сестры. 3. Этот роман Кристи может быть и хороший, но очень трудный для меня. Я не могу ничего понять. 4. Слушание закончено. Вы можете подождать в коридоре. 5. Вы можете воспользоваться моим теле­фоном. 6. Ты можешь поехать со мной? — Можно, я дам ответ завтра?

5.3.12. Предположим, ваш партнер не знает, что он должен и чего не должен делать в университете. Расскажите ему об этом.

5.3.13. Скажите, что должны делать некоторые сту­денты в вашей группе.

5.3.14. Перед вами запись диалога двух подозреваемых. Можете ли вы объяснить, в каких ситуациях они были записаны?

1. Must I go and see them off? — Yes, I'm afraid you must. I don't feel very well, and I can't go.

2. Must I stay in the same hotel? — No, you needn't. You may meet them next day.

3. Don't forget! 5 o'clock. You mustn't be late. — OK. What must I have? — A newspaper in your right hand.

4. You must ring him up and tell three words. — What words must I tell? — I can't tell you now.

*5.3.15. Скажите по-английски:

1. Вы должны обязательно принять участие в этом митинге. 2. Ты не должен выступать свидетелем. — Но я могу дать важные пока­зания! 3. Защитник может воспользоваться всеми моими документами. 4. Все правитель­ства должны прекратить испытания ядерного оружия. 5. Вы не можете обвинять его в этом преступлении. 6. Молодежь всего мира может и должна бороться против расизма и нацизма. 7. Вы можете видеть тысячи людей, протесту­ющих против угрозы ядерной войны. 8. Но что я могу сделать? — Конечно, ты можешь ничего не делать. Но я думаю, что ты обязан выступить на митинге. 5.3.16. Можете вы назвать 6 действий, которые трудно, легко, приятно, плохо, полезно или бесполезно делать?

Model: It's (bad) to ...

* 5.3.17. Скажите по-английски:

1. Слишком поздно начинать собрание. 2. Давно пора прекратить испытывать ядерное оружие. 3. Мы призываем все прогрессивное челове­чество усилить борьбу против нацизма и нео­нацизма. 4. Представители многих штатов приезжают в Нью-Йорк, чтобы принять уча­стие в этом митинге.

*5.3.18. Предположим, что вы — Джейн Сноу. Сту­денты вашей группы спросят вас о том, как вы принимали участие в митинге. Будьте готовы ответить на эти вопросы.

*5.3.19. Предположим, что вы — Нелли Павлова. Иностранные журналисты спрашивают вас о необычном процессе в Ростове. Будьте готовы ответить на их вопросы.

5.3.20. Ваши бывшие школьные друзья хотят знать, какие тексты вы читаете на занятиях по ан­глийскому языку. Так как у вас мало времени, постарайтесь отвечать кратко и сообщите ос­новную идею текста этого раздела в двух предложениях.

5.4. Practice in communication

(Gratitude)

*5.4.1. Read and try to remember.

A. 1. Let me help you.

2. Is there anything I can do for you?

B. 1. Thank you very much indeed.

2. Thanks awfully.

3. Many thanks.

4. I'm very grateful to you.

5. That's/It's (most/very/awfully) kind of you.

6. How very kind of you!

A. 1. Oh, that's OK/all right.

2. Not at all.

3. You're welcome.

4. Don't mention it.

5. It's a pleasure.

5.4.2. Ask someone in the group to do the following things and then express your gratitude:

1. to tell you the time.

2. to tell you the way to the nearest tube station.

3. to lend you some money.

4. to write to you.

5. to post a letter for you.

5.4.3. A friend phones inviting you to a party. You accept but ask whether you can bring along a friend. He says you can. Don't forget to use the expressions of gratitude.

5.5. General understanding

5.5.1. Read the text. Try to understand it and be ready to answer the questions.

The man who escaped

(Episode 5)

1. Only a few miles from the house Coke is in, two policemen in a small village police station can hear the wind outside. One of them is a sergeant. The other's much younger.

«I wonder how Mrs Bentley is?» the sergeant asks.

«Mrs Bentley? Oh, you mean that old lady whose husband died a few years ago?»

«That's right. She's deaf, you know, so she never listens to the radio or watches television. In fact, she doesn't even read the papers».

«Oh?» the young policeman says. He wonders why the sergeant wants to tell him all this. Then he finds out.

«Why don't you go out to her place and see if she's all right?»

«Who? Me? On a night like this?»

«It's not far. Besides, you've got your bike, haven't you?»

2. Baxter gets off the train at a small station. There is a detective waiting for him on the platform. He is shaking Baxter's hand.

«My name's Halls, Tom Halls. Scotland Yard phoned us and told us to meet you here. There's a car waiting».

Baxter doesn't waste any time on social formalities.

«Coke escaped more than 24 hours ago. I want to catch him before another 24 hours are up».

Halls is looking at Baxter for a few seconds before he answers.

«A lot of us wonder why Scotland Yard is so interested in this fellow Coke. He isn't the first one to escape».

«Coke isn't just an ordinary prisoner. He's very special. Let's go now?»

3. The young policeman is angry. He is on the road now. The wind is cold and is blowing snow into his face.

«That stupid sergeant!» he thinks. «We must be one of the last stations in England that still uses bikes, and he sends me out on one on a night like this!» When he gets to the top of the hill he sees the house down below, at the bottom of the hill. Just as he is looking down at it, he sees a light go on in one of the rooms upstairs.

«Stupid! That's what it is, sending me out on a night like this!» the policeman says again. Then he gets on his bike and begins to go down the hill very fast, towards the house.

5.5.2. Choose the correct answer. Don't use the text.

1. The sergeant wanted the other policeman to go to Mrs Bently...

a) to bring her the papers;

b) to see if she's all right;

c) to catch the criminal.

2. Halls wonders why...

a) Scotland Yard is so interested in this fellow;

b) Baxter came;

e) Baxter is in such a hurry.

3. The young policeman is angry because..

a) he has no car;

b) the weather is very bad;

c) the house is very far.

5.5.3. Answer the teacher's questions. (Books closed.)

1. Why do police want fo go to Mrs Bentley's house?

2. Why is Scotland Yard so interested in Coke?

3. Why is the young policeman angry?

4. What does he think about using bikes?

5.5.4. Express the main idea of this episode in one-two sentences.

5.6. Scanning practice

5.6.1. Read the questions. Be sure you've got them well in mind.

1. What does the merchant take with him?

2. What is the monkey doing when the thieves attack the merchant?

3. Where does the monkey lead the magistrate with his men?

5.6.2. Start scanning the text. Don't fail to note your time.

The monkey detective

A merchant goes to Calcutta on some business. He takes with him a large sum of money and some valuable jewels. A monkey, of which he is very fond, also travels with him. Some thieves decide to attack and to rob merchant. On a lonely part of the road they catch him, murder him and take his things. Then they throw the body into a dry well, cover it over with leaves and go away. All this time the monkey is watching them from the tree. When the murderers are out of sight, the monkey goes to the magistrate's house and is crying and moaning and finally makes the magistrate follow him to the well. The magistrate brings some men with him, and one of them goes down into the well where the body of the murdered man is found. The monkey then leads them to the bazaars, and as soon as he sees one of the murderers he runs at him and bites him in the leg. The magistrate's servants come and seize the man. In this way all the murderers are detected by the monkey. They are all caught and punished accordingly.

(202 words)

5.6.3. Answer the questions in 5.6.1. (Books closed.)

5.7. Listening practice

5.7.1. Look at the following questions. You'll have to answer them after listening to the text.

1. Where's Jack?

2. What's he doing?

3. Why can't Mrs Taylor help Thomas?

4. What's Mr Taylor doing?

5. Who's Kate phoning to?

6. Why is Thomas asking a lot of questions?

5.7.2. Listen to the dialogues.

5.7.3. Try to answer the questions in 5.7.1.

5.7.4. Look through the list of words. They will help you to understand the text.

date — человек, с которым назначено свидание

horror film — фильм ужасов

5.7.5. Listen to the text. Be ready to give the contents of it in Russian.

5.7.6. Tell the contents of the text in Russian.

5.8. Time for fun

5.8.1. Read and translate the jokes.

1. JUDGE:   Was the prisoner sober?

WITNESS: No, Sir. He was drunk as a judge.

JUDGE:  You mean, «drunk as a lord», of course.

WITNESS: Yes, my lord.

The witness confused the idioms «sober as a judge» — трезвый, как судья; and «drink as a lord» — пьяный, как черт.

2. JUDGE:   Prisoner, what can you say to your justification?

PRISONER: I beg you to take into considera­tion the fact that my lawyer is very young, sir.

justification — оправдание

take into consideration — принять во внимание

? *5.8.2. Try to solve the riddles:

1. What comes twice a moment, once a minute and never in a hundred years?

2. What relation is that child to its father, that is not its father's own son?

? 5.8.3. Can you solve this magic square in 2 minutes?

1. He or she goes to school every day.

2. People ought to read it every day.

3. Another word for «great, big».