UNIT 3 : Английский язык для юристов - Александр Яковлевич Зеликман : Книги по праву, правоведение

UNIT 3

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Фонетика: sound [e]

Словообразование: суффиксы существительного -man, -ian; суффикс прила­гательного -able.

Грамматика: настоящее время Simple Present; аль­тернативные вопросы; разделительные вопросы; оборот there is/are, произ­водные от местоимений some, any, no; возвратные местоимения

Текст: «Where do they live?»

3.1. Sound right

3.1.1. Слушайте, смотрите, повторяйте за диктором;

men     pet        better            tell

said     best       bedding      bell

end     neck      merry            fell

gem     left       any                sell

ebb     pence    many            well

bread   breath  ready            text

Thames meant question else

3.1.2. Слушайте, смотрите, повторяйте:

1. Well said.

2. Get better.

3. Ted'11 get wet.

4. The engine went dead.

5. Nell's never felt better.

6. Meg's getting very deaf.

7. Len said he never slept well.

8. Success went to Ned's head.

9. I expect Bell spends a pretty penny on dress.

10. Deb expects to get ready next Wednesday.

3.1.3. Слушайте, смотрите. Обратите внимание на различие между [I] в слове bin и [e] в слове Ben.

I

— Ben?

— Yes, Betty?

— Did you empty the bin?

— Yes, I did empty the bin.

— Did you send the letters?

— Umm.

— And did you finish the fence?

— I did everything, Betty... everything.

— But did you remember to...?

— Good night, Betty.

II

— You are getting thinner every minute.

— I'm slimming.

— I don't think slimming is a very good idea.

— But it isn't a very god idea to get heavy, is it?

— Who's heavy?

— Well, you are getting a bit thick round the middle.

3.1.4. Слушайте, смотрите, повторяйте. Обращайте внимание на интонацию.

3.1.5. Прочитайте диалоги в парах.

*3.1.6. Постарайтесь прочитать скороговорку как можно быстрее:

The net is neat.

This is a neat net.

Ned has not a neat net.

net — сеть

neat — аккуратный

3.2. Word-building:

(-man); (-ian); (-able)

3.2.1. Дайте русские эквиваленты следующих слов:

pressman, taximan, Scotsman, Congressman, jury­man, milkman, barman, policeman, railwayman, watchman, chairman, sportsman.

3.2.2. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. In what country do Dutchmen live?

2. Whom do we call a yes-man?

3. Do you know the meaning of the word «sand­wich-man»?

4. Is your father a party-man?

5. What does a chairman do?

6. Where does a salesman work?

7. Who is the best Russian sportsman of the year?

3.2.3. Закончите следующие предложения:

1. A technician is a specialist in...

2. A vegetarian is one who lives on...

3. A veterinarian is one who treats...

4. A parliamentarian is a member of...

5. An academician is a member of...

3.2.4. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. What do we call people who live in Bulgaria (Albania, Nigeria, Panama, California, Asia, Siberia)?

2. In what part of Europe do the Hungarians (Italians, Norwegians) live?

3.2.5. Перефразируйте словосочетания, используя прилагательные с суффиксом -able.

Model: 1. that can be prevented — preventable.

2. that can be drunk — drinkable.

that can be checked; that can be pronounced; that can be understood; that can be broken; that

can be controlled; that can be washed, that can be questioned.

3.2.6. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. What breakable things are there on your table?

2. Is your handwriting readable?

3. When is the weather most changeable?

4. Is it desirable for you to have two days off a week?

5. In what cases is it justifiable to miss classes?

6. Have you got a portable radio?

3.3. Full understanding

3.3.1. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте:

apartment-house, stereo system ['sterI@], casset [ka'set], comfortable ['kömf@t@bl], coffee.

*3.3.2. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте, запомните:

New words:

floor — этаж

people's judge ['³ö³] — народный судья.

in the suburbs [l'söbýb] — в пригороде

bathroom [bÓTru(:)m] — ванная

kitchen — кухня

fine — (зд.) чудесно

in front of — перед

late — поздно

car — машина

to do the room — убирать комнату

sunny — солнечный

sleepy — сонный

at last — наконец

fridge — холодильник

besides — кроме того

to know — знать

School vocabulary:

to live, flat, family, parents, tomorrow, to­night, picture, to like, son, daughter, wife, dining-room, what, why, where, thing, also, to want, to be tired, long, working day, supper, to be afraid, next, to ask, to take, to answer, to give back, small, because, wall, to make, after, to see, hour, tea.

3.3.3. Прочитайте и переведите:

Where do they live?

Pete Sokolov lives in Pushkin street. He lives on the fifth floor of a new nine-storied apartment-house. His family lives in a three-room flat. There are four of them in the family. Pete's father's a worker and his mother's a people's judge. Pete's younger brother Mike is a school­boy. There are two bedrooms and a sitting-room in their flat. One bedroom is for Pete's parents, the other is for the boys. There are two beds, two chairs, a wardrobe, a desk and a lot of books in their bedroom. There is no TV-set in their room, but there's an excellent stereo system. Mike and Pete always do their room themselves. Mike often takes Pete's books and cassets and Pete gets angry. «Where are my things?» he asks or «Why do you take my books?» Mike doesn't answer anything. He gives every­thing back. But still the two brothers are good friends.

Nell Pavlova hasn't got a family and she lives alone in a small flat. She likes her flat very much. Why does she like it? Because it's so sunny and comfortable. There are many flowers in the room and a lot of photoes and pictures on the walls. Nell makes photoes herself. She likes everything in her room. But there's something she doesn't like. She doesn't like to be alone.

This is Steve's house. It's in the suburbs of London and Steve gets to work in his car. Still it takes him about an hour to get there.1 Steve's got a large family: a wife, two daughters and a son. There are three bed-rooms, a dining-room, a bathroom and a large kitchen in his house. There's also a little garden in front of the house. «Do you want tea or coffee?», Steve's wife asks him. But Steve wants nothing. He's very tired. He's sleepy.

I'm at home at last! It's so nice to be at home after a long working day. What's for supper to-night? Oh, I don't know myself. There's something in the fridge... Oh, there's someone on the phone!2 «2457336—two four five seven double three six»3. Jane Snow's here.4 Oh, hi John! What? Pictures? I'm afraid it's too late. Besides I don't want to go anywhere to-night. Next time, perhaps? Fine! See you tomorrow then. Bye!»

Notes: 1. It takes him about an hour to get there. — Ему требуется около часа, чтобы добраться туда.

2. There's someone on the phone. — Кто-то звонит.

3. Pay attention to the way the telephone number is pronounced.

4. Jane Snow's here. — Говорит Джейн Сноу.

3.3.4. Посмотрите, сможете ли вы найти в текстах все случаи употребления Simple Present в 3 л. ед. числа (около 20). Сможете ли вы назвать точную цифру. Глаголы be и have (got) в счет не идут.

3.3.5. Вашему другу было бы приятно, если бы вы рассказали ему что-нибудь о себе. Не забудьте использовать в своем рассказе глаголы to live, to like, to get, to make, to take. Сообщите те же сведения, но уже о вашем соседе, вашему преподавателю.

* 3.3.6. Скажите по-английски:

1. Они живут на 5-м этаже. 2. Сегодня вечером моя жена хочет пойти в кино. 3. Он мало знает об этом народном судье. 4. Я люблю делать фотографии. 5. Ей требуется около часа, чтобы добраться из пригорода.

3.3.7. Представьте, что вы сегодня в плохом настроении и не соглашаетесь со всем, что вам говорят.

1. You like my new car. 2. Nell Pavlova lives in a small flat. 3. You often take my pen. 4. You also ask me too many questions. 5. Pete knows my son very well. 6. Jane always gives back my books. 7. I want supper now.

3.3.8. Скажите, что ваш преподаватель (сосед, сестра, брат) не хочет или не любит делать (3-4 пред­ложения).

3.3.9. Автор случайно оказался свидетелем разговора двух людей. Этот разговор показался ему подо­зрительным, но когда он попытался воспроиз­вести его, он смог вспомнить слова только одного из них. Помогите воссоздать, весь диалог.

1.

2. No, I live in a small room.

1.

2. Yes, I live in the suburbs.

1.

2. No, my wife comes very late.

1.

2. Oh, I want much money.

1.

2. Yes, I know it's dangerous.

1.

2. Oh, yes. It takes me about an hour.

1.

2. No, I want nothing.

3.3.10. Предположим, что вы — следователь и подо­зреваете одного из студентов в совершении преступления. Расспросите других об этом человеке. Используйте 5 вопросительных слов: who, what, where, when, why. Вопросы зада­вайте в Simple Present. Суммируйте получен­ную информацию.

* 3.3.11. Скажите по-английски:

1. Где живет Петр Соколов? — Я не знаю. 2. По­чему Петр сердится? 3. Почему Майк не отвечает? 4. Петр очень любит своего брата. 5. Нелли не нравится жить в пригороде, ей требуется слишком много времени, чтобы добраться до работы. 6. Твоя дочь всегда сама делает уроки? 7. Где живут твои ро­дители? 8. Тебе нравится голубая или зеле­ная машина? 9. Он живет в большой или маленькой квартире? 10. Тебе ведь нравится моя комната, да? 11. Они всегда сами убира­ют в комнате, правда? 12. Он ведь все тебе возвращает, да?

3.3.12. Ваш друг попросил вас о чем-то, но вы не уверены, что правильно его поняли. Пере­спросите его, используя альтернативный во­прос.

Model: Do you want a pen or a pencil?

3.3.13. Вы знаете кое-что о вашем друге, но хотите получить подтверждение вашим сведениям. Используйте разделительный вопрос.

Model: You live in Pushkin street, don't you?

or

You don't like this picture, do you?

3.3.14. Ваш друг описывает квартиру, где произошло убийство. Пользуясь этим описанием, попы­тайтесь начертить план квартиры (комнаты). Затем поменяйтесь ролями. Не забывайте использовать there is/are.

3.3.15. Предположим, что вы — судья, вперед вами — свидетель. Постарайтесь узнать некоторые детали о месте, где было совершено преступ­ление. Используйте: Is/are there?... или (What) is/are there...?

Model: Are there many trees around?

What is there near the car?

*3.3.16. Скажите по-английски:

1. В этой квартире есть ванная? — Да, конеч­но. Здесь есть ванная и кухня, столовая и две спальни. 2. На этой улице есть красивый мно­гоэтажный дом. 3. Что там на стене? 4. В комнате Петра много книг. 5. В холодиль­нике есть что-нибудь? 6. Сегодня лекций нет. 7. Перед домом также прекрасный парк.

3.3.17. Автор сделал несколько ошибок в этом рассказе. Помогите ему найти их. Обратите внимание на формы с -thing и -body.

Steve comes back home at 5. He doesn't use his keys because there's always something at home. To-night when he comes nothing opens the door. There's nobody in. «What's the matter?» — he thinks. — «Anything has happened». Steve begins knocking at the door with his fists and then listens. He hears nobody. Then he sees anybody at the door. It's the note. He reads: «Nobody wants to speak to you. We'll ring you up». Steve remembers about his keys, opens the door and runs in. There's anything unusual in the room...

Если вас заинтересовало начало рассказа, попробуйте дать свой вариант его завершения.

3.3.18. Поинтересуйтесь у вашего друга следующим:

Model: S1: He/she wants to go somewhere in the evening.

S2: Do you want to go anywhere in the evening?

1. He knows somebody in this group.

2. He/she likes to read something funny.

3. He/she knows somebody in other depart­ments of the University.

4. He/she sees someone in the street.

5. He/she knows something in the Theory of State and Law.

3.3.19. Вы удивлены вопросами, которые задает вам преподаватель. Выразите ваше удивление.

Model:   Т. Help Pete with this grammar.

                S. But I don't know it myself.            

1. Let Steve give you the pen. 2. Ask Lena to help you to translate this text. 3. Will you give me your car? 4. Ask them for the textbook. 5. I see you know nothing about this man.

* 3.3.20. Скажите по-английски:

1. Я все знаю сам. 2. Они и сами живут где-то в пригороде. 3. Она сама хочет кого-нибудь попросить помочь ей. 4. Он что-то знает, но сам не хочет никому говорить об этом. 5. Вы сами знаете о нем что-нибудь? 6. Петр любит все делать сам.

*3.3.21. Вам кажется, что ваш друг не совсем внимательно прочитал тексты этого урока. Проверьте, как он понял их, задав ему 5-6 вопро­сов по текстам.

*3.3.22. Предположим, что вы:

                а) Майк — брат ПетраСоколова;

                б) Нелли Павлова;

                в) жена Стива Кинга.

                Расскажите о вашей квартире и семье.

*3.3.23. Предположим, что вы — друг Джейн Сноу. Расскажите нам о Джейн и о том, как она проводит, вечер.

3.3.24. Все жаждут узнать что-нибудь о вашей семье и вашем доме. Пожалуйста, расскажите нам об этом.

3.4. Practice in communication

(Invitation)

*3.4.1. Прочитайте и выучите:

Ways of inviting

1. Would you like to...       join me for a lunch.

2. Do you want to...           come and see me.

3. Would you care to...      meet my wife; etc.

4. How about coming with us (to the club)?

5. How about a (game of tennis)?

6. Would you care for (a glass of lemonade)?

7. Suppose we go to the theatre?

Acceptance                                                           Refusal

1. I'd like to very much                        1. I'm afraid I can't.

2. I'd love to                                          2. I'm sorry, I can't.

    (enthusiastic).                                   3. I'd like to, but...

3. I would/do.                                        4. I'd better not.

    Thank you.                                        5. I'd rather not.

4. If you want                                        6. No, thanks.

    (me to).                               7. No, I wouldn't/don't.

5. If you ('d)                                           8. Certainly not.

    like (me to),                                           (emphatic)

   (indifferent)

3.4.2. Пригласите кого-нибудь в вашей группе:

1. see (a film/a play/football match)

2. go for a walk with you.

3. have a cup of tea/coffee.

4. telephone you to-night.

5. spend an evening with you.

He/she will accept or refuse.

3.4.3. Смотрите, слушайте, а затем инсценируйте диалог.

I

— Have you any engagements for Saturday evening?

— No. Why?

— Would you come and have dinner with me and my wife?

— That's very kind of you. I'd love to. What time shall I come?

— Oh, about seven o'clock.

— Thank you. I'll be there at about 7.

— Very good. We'll be expecting you.

II

HE    Would you like to come out with me to-night?

SHE   Sorry, I can't.

HE    Tomorrow night then?

SHE   I'd like to, but I'm afraid I can't.

HE    Would you like to go to the theatre then?

SHE   I wish I could.

HE    OK, well give me a ring, then.

SHE   No, I'd better not.

HE    Why not?

SHE   Because I don't think my husband would like it!

3.4.4. Предложите кому-нибудь в группе совершить различные действия. Ваш партнер сначала должен будет отказаться от вашего приглашения, но в итоге — согласиться на него.

3.5. General understanding

3.5.1. Прочитайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его и выполнить предложенные упражнения.

The man who escaped

(Episode 3)

1. At 6 o'clock Baxter is in the warm train compart­ment. Coke is in a field 100 miles away. The winter evening gets darker and colder. The wind cuts through Coke's thin uniform like a knife. Coke is hungry and tired, and his arms and legs are so cold that he can hardly feel them. He wants to find food, warm clothing, and a warm place somewhere. «I have to make a move! I can't just stay in this field and die of the cold», he thinks.

2. Coke gets up and begins to walk. «Where am I? Which direction am I walking in? Am I going back towards the prison?» he asks himself. A few minutes later, the moon comes out and Coke can see better. He stops and looks around. Suddenly he sees a small light not far away. «What can it be? It can't be a car. It doesn't move. It must be a house» he says to himself and begins to walk towards it. The light gets larger. It is a house! He can see the form of the roof in the darkness.

3. Ten minutes later he is outside the house. He stops I and listens. «Strange», he thinks. «I can't hear any­thing, not I even a radio or a television, but there must be someone in there. There is a light on!» Just at that moment, a thought strikes him.

«This is probably the only house around for miles! The police know I'm probably around here somewhere and if they are anywhere, they're in that house, waiting for me».

Coke doesn't move. The wind becomes colder. His feet and hands feel like ice in the snow. «I have to take the chance! I have to! This is the only place I can find warm clothes and food!» he thinks.

3.5.2. Выберите правильный вариант. Не пользуйтесь текстом.

1. Coke wants to find some warm place because...

a) he's afraid of Baxter;

b) he needs to change his prison uniform;

c) his arms and legs are cold.

2. When the moon comes out Coke can see...

a) a large house;

b) a small light not far away;

с) a policeman.

3. It's strange for Coke that he can't...

a) hear anything in the house:

b) see the police around;

c) see any other houses around.

3.5.3. Ответьте на вопросы преподавателя. (Книги закрыты.)

1. What is the weather like on that day?

2. How does Coke feel in the field?

3. Does Coke know where he's walking to?

4. What can he see in the darkness?

5. What seems strange to Coke?

6. What thought strikes him?

3.6. Scanning practice

3.6.1. Прочитайте вопросы. Вам нужно будет ответить на них после прочтения текста.

1. Why was Hugh Boggs worried?

2. Where was his bicycle picked up?

3. When did he leave it?

3.6.2. Начинайте просматривать текст. Не забудьте отметить время начала и конца работы.

His name and address was on the wheel

Hugh Boggs was worried all day. In the morning he received a letter from the police. They asked him to call at the station. Hugh couldn't understand why the police wanted him. He didn't do anything wrong. It was perhaps a mistake.

At the police station a policeman told him that his bicycle had been found. It was picked up in the hills in Wales about a hundred miles away. His name and address were written on the wheel.

The bicycle was sent to his home by train. Hugh was very much surprised when he heard the news. He was amused, too, because it was his old broken bicycle he had left behind last summer when returning to town after his holidays. Now when he receives his bike, he will have to think how to get rid of it again.

(148 words)

3.6.3. Ответьте на вопросы в п. 3.6.1. (Книги закрыты.)

3.7. Listening practice

3.7.1. Прочитайте следующие вопросы. Вам нужно будет ответить на них после прослушивания текста.

1. What are Steve and Rockwell?

2. What must Steve do when he enters the room?

3. What must Rockwell do?

4. What commands does Charles Authen give at the end?

3.7.2. Прослушайте диалог.

3.7.3. Ответьте на вопросы в п. 3.7.1.

3.7.4. Просмотрите список слов. Они помогут вам понять следующий текст.

price — цена

gas — бензин

fare — плата за проезд

3.7.5. Прослушайте текст. Будьте готовы изложить его содержание на русском языке.

3.7.6. Передайте содержание текста по-русски.

3.8. Time for fun

3.8.1. Прочитайте шутки. Постарайтесь пересказать их. Вы можете сделать это по-русски.

I

«I warn you», said the judge, «that demonstrations of any kind are prohibited in the courtroom; therefore whoever shouts «Long live! Hurrah!» or «Down with!» will be sent outside».

As soon as the accused heard this, he began to shout: «Hurrah! Down with! Hurrah! Down with!»

warn — предупреждать

prohibit — запрещать

accused — обвиняемый

II

«Sir, do you swear this is not your signature?» — said the lawyer. «Yes».

«Is it not your handwriting?»

«No».

«You take your solemn oath that this writing does not resemble yours in a single particular?»

«Yes».

«How can you be certain?» demanded the lawyer.

«I can't write», smiled the man.

swear — клясться

signature — подпись

handwriting — почерк

solemn oath — торжественная клятва

? *3.8.2. Попытайтесь отгадать загадки.

1. What is the difference between «here» and «there»?

2. What is the difference between a watchmaker and a jailer?

? 3.8.3. Отгадайте следующие 10 слов. Затем прочи­тайте слово в выделенных клетках. Мы уве­рены, что вы знаете это слово и его значение.

1. The workers get it for their work.

2. You can drink its juice.

3. a meal of raw or cold vegetables.

4. In England women... for equal pay.

5. The ships are loaded and unloaded there.

6. have the same opinion.

7. the noun of true.

8. laugh a little bit.

9. a number.

10. What are pounds, dollars?


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