UNIT 2 : Английский язык для юристов - Александр Яковлевич Зеликман : Книги по праву, правоведение

UNIT 2

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РЕКЛАМА
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Фонетика: sound [I]

Словообразование: суффикс существительного -ist

Грамматика: указательные местоимения; притяжа­тельные местоимения; безличные пред­ложения; обозначение времени; глагол to have (have got); местоимения some, any, no; разделительные вопросы; мес­то наречий в предложении; местоиме­ния much/many, few/little, a few/ a little.

Текст: «Work and studies»

2.1. Sound right

2.1.1. Слушайте, смотрите, повторяйте за диктором:

in                             it              pity                         ill             any

is                             isn't         ditty                        fill            many

his           if              minute                    till            city

thing       miss        women                   pill           army

give        tick          silly                         bill           lady

him          pick         wishes                    milk         baby

did          myth       village                    brill         Sunday

2.1.2. Слушайте, смотрите, повторяйте:

1. Is Mickey in?

2. It isn't cricket.

3. It's the limit.

4. I think it's a bit thick.

5. Biddy is quits with Billy.

6. Willie's quick-witted.

7. Christie will fill the bill.

8. In with him.

9. If it isn't Philip!

10. It is bringing grist to his mill.

11. Tillie is niminy-piminy.

12. Kittie is thin-skinned, Minnie is thick-skinned.

2.1.3. Слушайте, смотрите. Обратите внимание на раз­личие между [I] в слове sit и [i:] в слове seat.

I

— Is this seat free, please?

— No, it isn't. I'm keeping it for Miss Grim.

— Well, can I sit in this seat?

— I'm afraid not. But that seat by the window's free.

— Then I'll sit in.

— But if you sit in that seat you won't see a thing.

II

— Is there any meat?

— There is only tinned meat.

— Is it beef? - It's chicken.

— Is it ready to eat?

— Well, you have to heat it before you eat it.

2.1.4. Слушайте, смотрите; повторяйте. Обращайте внимание на интонацию.

2.1.5. Прочитайте диалоги в парах.

*2.1.6. Постарайтесь прочитать скороговорку как можно быстрее.

1. Critical cricket critic.

2. A fitful young fisher named Gabriel Fisher.

Once fished for some fish in a fissure,

Till a fish with a grin

Pulled the fisherman in —

Now they are fishing the fissure for Fisher.

fitful — порывистый

fissure — расщелина

grin — ухмылка

2.2. Word-building (-ist)

2.2.1. Дайте русские эквиваленты следующих слов:

finalist, leftist, royalist, opportunist, materialist, idealist, militarist, scientist, theorist, pianist, artist, animalist, terrorist, biologist.

2.2.2. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. What is a tourist?

2. What party does a socialist belong to?

3. What doctor treats teeth?

4. What does an arabist study?

5. What Russian novelist do you like?

6. Do you know a good typist?

7. Why do we dislike egoists?

2.3. Full understanding

2.3.1. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте:

lecture, subject ['söbdZIkt], photo ['foutou], lamp, telephone, vase, client ['klaI@nt], cigar [sI'gÓ].

*2.3.2. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте, запомните:

New words:

theory of state and law - теория государства и права

attentive — внимательный

office — контора, учреждение

job — работа

to be pleased — быть довольным

note-book — тетрадь

rather — довольно

School vocabulary:

blue, beautiful, important, often, difficult, paper, flower, window, to be in a hurry, far.

*2.3.3. Прочитайте и переведите:

Work and studies

It's nine o'clock and Pete Sokolov is in the class-room. He's at the lecture now. It's the lecture in Theory of State and Law. This subject is rather difficult. But Pete isn't attentive. He's got a pen and some note-books on the table. He hasn't got any text-books. His text-books are in his bag.

He's got a photo of Nell on his table too. Nell's lovely, isn't she? She has big deep blue eyes and a lovely little nose.

Nell Pavlova's at her office now. This table is hers. She's got a lamp and a telephone on it. She's got some papers on the table too. Nell's got a vase of flowers. The flowers are fresh and beautiful. Hasn't she got a nice office? She's got no photos on the table. She's very busy. Her job isn't easy.

I 'm at my office. My office is in the Strand not far from the Temples, and the Inns.1 I've got the notice on the door of my office: «S. King, Sol., LLB»2. I've got a lot of files on the table and on the shelves. These files on the table are very important for me. This arm-chair is mine and that one near the window is for my clients. I've got many cigars and some water in the water-bottle for my clients too.

Miss Jane Snow's in the college. She has classes now. Many of her students are attentive but few students are not. These students are busy and those are lazy. Jane is often angry with them. But sometimes she's pleased. It's time for break now. Jane's in a hurry. She's got little time and so much work to do!

Notes: 1. the Strand — one of the main streets in London. The Temples and the Inns — назва­ние четырех корпораций барристеров в Лондоне (Inner Tample, Middle Temple, Lincoln's Inn, Gray's Inn).

2. Sol., LLB — Solicitor, Bachelor of Law — солиситор (поверенный), бакалавр прав.

2.3.4. Скажите, какие из перечисленных вещей при­надлежат вам (3), вашему преподавателю (2), вашему другу, всей группе (2), студентам другой группы (3). Используйте притяжательные ме­стоимения:

paper, vase, table, flower, shelf, telephone, note­book, photo, lamp, file, arm-chair, cigar, water-bottle.

2.3.5. Ваш преподаватель говорит, кому принадлежат некоторые вещи. Возразите ему (см. слова в предыдущем упражнении).

Model: Т. This is my paper.

S. Oh, no, this paper is mine.

*2.3.6. Скажите по-английски:

1. Это контора Стива, а вот его дом. 2. Это фотография его сестры. Она красивая девушка. 3. Эти бумаги мои, а те — твои. 4. Это лекция по теории государства и права? — Да. 5. Вон те студенты не очень внимательны. — Да, они очень ленивы. 6. Эта папка на столе — ее. Она очень важна. 7. Это наши тетради. Не трогай их! (touch).

2.3.7. Отреагируйте на следующие высказывания. Используйте фразы из правого столбика:

1. Jane is angry,          a) It's fine!

2. Let's go for a walk.    b) It's hot!

3. Pete isn't attentive,    c) It's important!

4. Listen to him!          d) It's silly!

5. Don't go out!         e) It's bad!

2.3.8. Скажите, который сейчас час:

6.49; 12.01; 11.30; 22.45; 20.05; 16.18; 5.35; 21.10; 7.15; 13.27.

Model: It's...

2.3.9. Отреагируйте на следующие высказывания:

Model: Т. I've got a nice pen.

S. And Jane's got a nice pen too!

1. I've got a lecture at 11 (Pete). 2. I've got a photo of Pete (Nell). 3. She's got beautiful flowers (Jane). 4. Steve's got a lot of files on the table (Nell). 5. I've got some cigars for my clients (this lawyer).

2.3.10. Возразите в ответ на следующие утверждения:

Model: Т. I've got a black pen.

S. But you haven't got it!

1. I've got a nice vase of flowers. 2. Jane's got a telephone on her table. 3. Nell's got Pete's photo. 4. Pete's got his note-books in his bag. 5. Steve's got a new car.

2.3.11. Поинтересуйтесь у своих друзей, есть ли у Стива, Джейн, Нелли и Петра то, что выражено словами в скобках. Пусть они ответят на ваши вопросы.

Model: Jane (a good job).

— Has Jane got a good job?

— Yes, she has.

— No, she hasn't.

1. Steve (a nice office). 2. Jane (much work to do). 3. Nell (many photoes on the table). 4. Pete (his note-book on the table). 5. Steve (many text-books). 6. Jane (many flowers in her class­room).

*2.3.12. Скажите по-английски:

1. У меня нет ее фото. 2. У вас отличная работа! 3. У вас есть сегодня лекция по теории государства и права? — Да. Это очень трудный предмет. 4. У этого юриста есть много клиен­тов. 5. У Стива много папок на полках. 6. У ме­ня нет сегодня лекции. Разреши мне пойти погулять. 7. У Нелли есть учебник английско­го? — Нет. 8. У Джейн очень важные бумаги на столе.

2.3.13. Выясните, если ли у ваших друзей нужные вам вещи. Не забывайте использовать слово any.

Model: Have you got any...?

2.3.14. Ваш преподаватель утверждает, что у вас или ваших друзей есть некоторые вещи. Возразите ему.

Model: Т. You've got any pen.

S. But I've got no pen of yours (hers, etc.).

1. You've got my new book. Let me have it! 2. Your friend's got my photo. 3. This lawyer's got her papers. 4. Jane's got my beautiful vase. Let her give it back to me. 5. You've got all the files of mine.

2.3.15. Автор ошибся, употребляя слова some, any, no в следующих предложениях. Помогите ему правильно употребить их.

1. Have you got some nice flowers? 2.1 haven't got some water in this bottle. 3. I've got no friends to help me. 4. Have you got some lazy students in your group? 5. I've got any fresh flowers in this vase.

2.3.16. Вы хотели бы получить поддержку от ваших друзей в ответ на то, что вы говорите. Используйте разделительный вопрос в своем высказывании.

1. Steve King is a lawyer, ...? 2. Nelly's got blue eyes, ...? 3. Pete isn't a lawyer, ...? 4. Jane's so lovely, ...? 5. Nell's surname is Pavlova, ...?

2.3.17. Автор очень рассеян. Он опять сомневается, как правильно употребить some, any, the, a (an). Помогите ему, пожалуйста.

1. His home's in ... old English city. 2. Eight о ' clock is ... good time to get up on Sundays, isn ' t it? 3. Let's go and buy ... food. 4. I haven't got ... papers at home. They are at ...office. 5. I've got ... lecture in ... theory of state and law .... subject is very difficult.

*2.3.18. Скажите по-английски:

1 Джейн часто сердится на своих студентов. 2. Стив часто спешит на работу. 3. Петр все еще в университете. 4. Нелли иногда встре­чается с Петром в парке. 5. Нелли обычно приходит на работу вовремя.

* 2.3.19.  Скажите по-английски:

                1. У вас мало времени, да? — Нет, у меня много времени сегодня. 2. Многие люди       имеют дома хорошие книги. 3. У Петра много трудных предметов? — Нет, всего несколь­     ко. 4. У нас есть немного времени до занятий.           5. У меня к вам сегодня очень мало вопросов. 6. У Стива много сигар, но мало воды для посетителей. 7. Давайте немного прогуляемся, хорошо?

*2.3.20. Представьте, что вы —

а) Петр Соколов, б) Нелли Павлова, в) Джейн Сноу, и постарайтесь рассказать о вашей работе или учебе.

*2.3.21. Представьте, что вы — один из клиентов Стива Кинга. Попытайтесь описать его кон­тору.

2.3.22. Попытайтесь узнать, что у вашего друга есть дома.

2.4. Practice in communication

(Introduction)

*2.4.1. Прочитайте и выучите:

А

1 I'd like you to meet...

2. Have you met...?

3. Let me introduce (myself) you to...

В

1. Hallo,...

2. How do you do?

С

1. (I'm) pleased to meet you...

2.4.2. Представьте (познакомьте):

1. a close friend/to your mother;

2. yourself/to a new colleague;

3. your teacher/to a friend.

2.4.3. Смотрите, слушайте и затем инсценируйте диалог.

Meeting people to the sound of loud music and cheerful voices...

PAUL    And this is Jane.

ROBERT Hullo, Joan.

JANE    Jane (she laughs, correcting him). Hullo, Robert. Pleased to meet you.

PAUL    Look who's arrived! John, nice to see you. Let me introduce you to some friends. These are Jane and Robert.

JOHN    Hullo. I'm very pleased to meet you.

JANE    Nice to meet you too.

ROBERT

PAUL    Oh, hullo, Mr. Martin. May I introduce you to some friends? Jane Spense, Robert Anderson,

John Allwright. This is Mr. Martin, my bank manager.

Mr. MARTIN: How d'you do? I'm very pleased to meet you.

JANE

ROBERT Nice to meet you. Enjoying yourself?

JOHN Mr. MARTIN Very much. The music's rather loud though, isn't it? I couldn't quite catch your names. Did Paul say your name was ... er ... er ...? (Even louder music)

2.4.4. Вы пригласили следующих людей на обед. Они никогда до этого не встречались. Познакомьте всех присутствующих.

1. your parents;

2. your new boy/girl-friend;

3. his/her brother;

4. a neighbour (Miss Snow);

5. a colleague (Steve King).

2.5. General understanding

2.5.1. Прочитайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его и выполнить предложенные упражнения.

The man who escaped

(Episode 2)

1. It is six o'clock on a very cold winter evening. People are in their living-rooms and watch the news on television or listen to it on the radio. There is one very important piece of news this evening. It is this.

«In the West of England this evening, hundreds of policemen are looking for a man who escaped from Princeville Prison early this morning. The man's name is Edward Coke. He is 30 years old, six feet tall, and has black hair and blue eyes. He is in a dark blue prison uniform. The police do not think he can stay free very long. It is only a few degrees above zero and it is snowing».

2. The radio is on in an expensive pub in Soho, in the centre of London. Most of the people there are not very interested in the news programme, but one man is. His name is Eric Masters. He is about 45 and is in very expensive clothes. He looks very afraid of something. There is another man standing next to him in the bar. Masters asks him a question.

«Did they say the man's name was Coke?»

«Yes, that's right. Coke... Edward Coke. Why? Do you know him?»

«Pardon?»

«Do you know him?»

«No... no, I don't know him... I just wanted to know the man's name, that's all».

3. In another part of London, a young detective is standing in the office of his chief at Scotland Yard. The young detective's name is Richard Baxter.

«You knew Coke, didn't you, Baxter?»

«Yes, sir. I arrested him four years ago».

«Yes, I know that, Baxter. That's why I give you this order, now. Find Coke again! You must find him imme­diately!»

2.5.2. Выберите правильный вариант. Не пользуйтесь текстом.

1. This man has...

a) white hair and brown eyes;

b) black hair and blue eyes;

c) grey hair and blue eyes.

2. The temperature is...

a) a few degrees above zero;

b) zero;

c) a few degrees below zero.

3. Eric Masters...

a) is looking very pleased;

b) is in a hurry;

c) is looking very afraid.

4. Baxter's chief gives him the order to arrest Coke because...

a) he arrested him 2 years ago;

b) he didn't arrest him 4 years ago;

c) he arrested him 4 years ago.

2.5.3. Ответьте на вопросы преподавателя. (Книги закрыты.)

1. What do people do on a cold winter evening?

2. What is the description of Edward Coke given in the news?

3. Why do the police think he can't stay free very long?

4. How does Eric Masters look like?

5. Why is Richard Baxter given an order to arrest Coke?

2.6. Scanning practice

2.6.1. Прочитайте вопросы. Вам нужно ответить на них после прочтения текста

1. What did the man hear?

2. What did the man think?

3. What did the man at the station say?

2.6.2. Начинайте просматривать текст. Не забудьте отметить время начала и конца работы.

Not a robber

A young man was going from the railway station. It was a dark night and there was nobody in the street. He was walking as fast as he could when suddenly he heard that somebody was following him. The faster he went, the faster the man behind him followed him. The man decided to turn into a side-street. After some time he looked back and saw that the other man was still following him. «That man behind me wants to rob me», thought the first man and seeing a high wall around a garden jumped over it. The other man jumped over the wall too. Now he was quite sure that this man was a robber, but he couldn't under­stand why the robber was not in a hurry to attack him.

The man didn't know what to do. Then he turned round and said: «What do you want? Why are you following me?»

«I'm going to Mr. White and the man at the station told me to go after you because Mr. White lives next door to you. Excuse me please but will you have some more jumping tonight or will you go straight home?»

(195 words)

2.6.3. Ответьте на вопросы в п. 2.6.1. (Книги закрыты.)

2.7. Listening practice

2.7.1. Прочитайте следующие вопросы. Вам нужно будет ответить на них после прослушивания текста.

1. Who's Tom?

2. Who's with Тоm?

3. What colour is Mrs. Turner's blouse?

4. What colour is Tom's jacket?

5. What colour are Mary's shoes?

6. What colour are Jimmy's shorts?

7. What colour are Ethel's jeans?

2.7.2. Прослушайте диалог.

2.7.3. Ответьте на вопросы в п. 2.7.1.

2.7.4. Просмотрите список слов. Они помогут вам понять следующий текст:

patient — пациент

nurse — медсестра

downtown — в центре

hate — ненавидеть

boring — скучный

mail — почта

2.7.5. Прослушайте текст. Будьте готовы изложить его содержание на русском языке.

2.7.6. Передайте содержание текста по-русски.

2.8. Time for fun

2.8.1. Прочитайте шутки. Попытайтесь пересказать их. Вы можете сделать это на русском языке.

1. Distrust in Lawyers

«Have you got a lawyer?» asked the judge a young man brought before him. «No, your honour», was the answer.

«Well, don't you think you had better have one?» asked the judge.

«No, your honour», answered the young man. «I don't need one. I'm going to tell the truth».

distrust — недоверие

2. Court Talk

«Are you the defendant?» asked the judge.

«No, your honour», was the reply. «I have done nothing to be called names. I've got a lawyer who does the defending».

«Then who are you?»

«I'm the gentleman who stole the chicken».

defendant — обвиняемый

stole — украл

to call names — обзывать

? *2.8.2. Отгадайте 5 слов и напишите их по вертикали. Дополните слово по горизонтали и вы получите название месяца.

1. The singer sings a ...

2. «Hamlet» is a... by Shakespear.

3. You can hear with them.

4. Another word for ship.

5. A ball can do it.


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