UNIT 11

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РЕКЛАМА
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Фонетика: sounds [D], [T]

Словообразование: сложные прилагательные типа law-making

Грамматика: будущие времена Future Continuous, Future Perfect

Текст: «Jane's letter»

11.1. Sound right

11.1.1.     Listen, look, say:

these      with        either                      with Sid  with Roy

those      bathe   neither                       breathe                   with wrath

                                                                                slower

they        breathe northern  clothe Sam             clothe Ruth

there       booth   southern  writhe                     with Roger

                                                                                silently

this         smooth weather    soothe                    soothe Rue

                                                                                Simon

that         clothe  although   bathe Sis                bathe Rob

11.1.2. Listen, look, say:

1. And that's that.

2. That's neither here nor there.

3. There's nothing like leather.

4. I'll do anything rather than that.

5. I don't wish them other than they are.

6. That means nothing other than the usual thing

7. Then there's that brother of mine.

8. They were gathered to their fathers.

9. The Smiths keep themselves to themselves.

10. The less men think the more they talk.

11.1.3. Listen and look. Pay attention to the sound [6]

I

A. They've all gone bathing in the sea. I'm not going bathing in this weather, are you?

B. No, I'm not going bathing.

A. I loathe bathing in the sea in this sort of weather.

B. I loathe bathing.

II

A. And ... while you're up there. Heather, could you pass me that one, too?

B. Oh, you mean this one, Mother?

A. No, not that — the other. That one. Yes, that.

B. There you are, Mother. Will that be all?

A. Yes — that's all for the moment, Heather.

B. Then I'll shut the cupboard, Mother.

A. Though while you're still up there, could you perhaps pass me that one, too?

B. This one, Mother?

11.1.4. Listen, look, say. Pay attention to the intona­tion.

11.1.5. Read the dialogues in pairs.

11.1.6. Listen and look. Pay attention to the difference between the sounds [T] and [D] ( [T] as in thing, [D] as in they).

I

A. Arthur and Martha are such enthusiasts. They are so enthusiastic.

B. What are they so enthusiastic about?

A. Oh, about everything. Among other things, they're both very enthusiastic about the theatre.

В. The theatre. Mm.

A. I loathe the theatre. And I loathe enthusiasts.

B. I loathe Arthur and Martha.

II

A. They make my clothes from this special cloth. And they sew them with this special cotton. There's something special about the buttons, too.

B. Mm.

A. Don't you think my clothes look rather special?

B. To tell you the truth, I think your clothes look rather...

A. Yes? Say what you think.

B. Well, yes, I suppose they do look rather special.

11.1.7. Listen, look, say. Pay attention to the intonation.

11.1.8. Read the dialogues in pairs.

11.2. Word-building

(Compound adjectives)

11.2.1. Give word combinations which correspond to compound adjectives. Give their meanings: an apple-eating boy, a watch-making plant, a cloud-touching mountain, horse-loving people, a pain-killing medicine, a food-producing factory, a road-building firm, potato-growing regions.

11.2.2. Make compound adjectives using the following word combinations. Translate them: to carry oil, to grow roses, to make profit, to save money, to melt snow, to break ice, to love sport, to waste time, to hate war.

11.2.3. Translate the following sentences:

                1. Some of his money-making movie stars were getting older now.

                2. Coffee-drinking farmers sat or stood in the bar.

                3. Traffic-directing policemen and one-way streets are clear proof of the existence of a large volume of traffic.

                4. I'm going into the house-selling business on my own.

                5. Many of the calls came from the news-hunting journalists.

11.3. Full understanding

11.3.1. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте:

President, nation, Capitol, Congress, republic, Senate ['senIt], monument, million, business,                culture, avenue ['{vInjü], contrast, bar, elegant.

Geographical and proper names: George Wash­ington, Potomac River [po(u)'toum@k], District of Columbia, the United States, Chicago [SIfi'kÓgou], Philadelphia [fil@'delfI@], Detroit, Los Angeles, House of Representatives, Union Square, Lincoln Memorial, Pennsylvania Avenue [,pensIl'venj@], White House, Manhattan, Hudson River, Bronx, Queens, Brooklyn, Richmond, Empire State Building ['empaI@], World Trade Centre, Times Square, Harlem.

*11.3.2. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте, запомните:

                New words:

letter — письмо

native town — родной город

to walk — гулять

to be interested — интересоваться

law-making — законодательный

to be born — родиться

to publish — публиковать

to grow — расти

force — (зд.) полицейские силы

School vocabulary:

although, around, to lead, January, favourite, to lie, river, children, language, to die, each, lighting, dirty, tree, town.

*11.3.3. Прочитайте и переведите:

Jane's letter

Pete's going to see Nell to-day. But before going to her place he's phoning her.

— Hello, Nell! What will you be doing in an hour? I'm going to come to your place, if you aren't against it.

— Oh, certainly not. I'll be waiting for you.

— And what are you doing now?

— Now I'm reading the letter from my Amer­ican friend — Jane. But I'll have finished reading by the time you come.

— I'm going then. Bye!

When Pete came Nell showed him Jane's letter. Here it is: New York 23 January, 1987 Dear Nell,

Thank you very much for your interesting letter about Rostov. I hope I'll have the possibility to come to your native town and then we'll be walking about Rostov and I'll be able to see everything myself. And now I'll try to answer all your questions.

First I'll tell you about some of American cities, and although I live in New York, I'll begin with the capital of this country — Washington. It is situated on the Potomac River in the District of Columbia. The capital owes a great deal to the nations first President, George Washington.

It was Washington who selected the site for the District and laid the cornerstone of the Capitol Building, where Congress meets. It is not the largest city in the US, for it cannot compare in size with cities like New York, Chicago, Philadelphia, Detroit and Los Angeles. In the political sense, however, it is the centre of the republic and the most important city in the United States. If you are interested in the law-making centre of the country you must go to the Capitol, with its great House of Represent­atives and Senate Chamber. Besides there are many places of interest near the Capitol. You can walk around to the back of the Capitol and look across Union Square, all the way down to the Washington Monument and beyond to the Lincoln Memorial. From the Capitol Pennsylvania Avenue leads off to the right to the White House.

But still New York is my favourite city maybe because I was born here. I live in Manhattan which is the name of an island which forms the heart of New York. It lies at the mouth of the Hudson river. There are four other districts of the city: Bronx, Queens, Brooklyn and Richmond. The population of New York is more than 8 million people. It's the heart of America's business and culture; it is the city of skyscrapers. For the visitor New York means the Empire State Building, World Trade Centre, tremendous traffic, neon advertisements, Central Park, Times Square, Harlem, the avenues and famous streets — and all these are to be found in Manhattan.

In New York five people out of every eight are foreigners or children of foreigners. Every day, sixty-seven foreign-language papers are published here. The police force employs 25,000 officers but still the crime record is very high in New York. It is the city of contrasts. It's business city which dies each day at five o'clock; pleasure city with bars and cinemas and crowds of people during the night; middle-class city with elegant streets, lighting, neatly painted doors, and the poorest and the dirtiest city where no trees grow...

Here Pete stopped reading because Nell called him to the kitchen for a cup of coffee.

(to be continued)

11.3.4. Ваш друг приглашает вас прийти к нему в гости завтра, в 6 часов вечера. Но в это время вы заняты. Объясните ему, что вы будете делать.

Model: A. Will 6 р. m. be suitable for you?

B. I am sorry to say, it won't. I'll be working at my article. Besides, I...

11.3.5. Предположим, что вы собираетесь встретиться со своим другом, но он занят в это время. Постарайтесь подыскать удобное время.

Model: A. What will you be doing at 5 p. m. tomorrow?

B. I'll be working at my English.

11.3.6. Представьте, что вы — прорицатель (гадалка). Ваши друзья хотят знать, что они будут делать в определенное время в будущем или что они уже сделают к определенному моменту в буду­щем.

Model: A. What shall I be doing at 5 p. m. tomorrow?

B. You'll be driving a car.

A. What shall I have done by tomorrow evening?

B. You'll have studied the map of London.

11.3.7. В тексте этого урока есть несколько случаев употребления Future Perfect и Future Continuous. Найдите их и объясните их употребление.

*11.3.8. Скажите по-английски:

1. Вы знаете, что вы будете делать вечером? 2. На будущей неделе мы будем готовиться к экзаменам. 3. На следующий год к этому времени он уже опубликует свою книгу. 4. Вы все еще будете работать, если я приду в 10? 5. К 1 Мая они уже переедут в новую квартиру. 6. К тому времени, когда он приедет, я буду жить на юге уже две недели. 7. Завтра в это время они будут обсуждать доклад Петра. 8. Завтра в 11 мы встречаемся с Президентом. 9. К концу нашей встречи, мы надеемся, он разрешит этот вопрос.

11.3.9. Просмотрите список новых слов (п. 11.3.2.). Выберите из них любые 2 слова и скажите, в какой связи они употреблены в тексте.

*11.3.10. Перед вами разделенные на 2 части названия 10 крупнейших городов США. Попробуйте отгадать эти названия. Какая группа справится с этим заданием быстрее?

CHIC HOU GELES INDIA BALTI

ELPHIA NAPOLIS DETR LAS AGO

WASH MORE NEW OIT STON

DAL INGTON LO SAN PHILAD

YORK

* 11.3.11. Джейн собирается приехать в Ростов. У вас будет возможность встретиться с ней. Рас­спросите ее о городах США. Вопросы под­готовьте сейчас.

*11.3.12. Скажите по-английски:

Хотя я родился в Москве, мой любимый город — Ростов. Он расположен на берегу реки Дон. Это нс самый большой город в стране, так как его нельзя сравнить по размеру с такими городами, как Москва и Санкт-Петербург. Однако Ростов — администра­тивный центр Северного Кавказа. Населе­ние Ростова — более 1000000 человек. Центр Ростова — улица Большая Садовая. В го­роде есть несколько больших районов. Ростов — деловой, промышленный и культурный центр. Это город парков и садов. Я люблю гулять по улицам моего родного города, который постоянно растет и хорошеет.

11.4. Practice in communication

(Pleasure and Displeasure)

*11.4.1. Read and try to remember:

Pleasure (excited tone)

1. Good!/That's good.

2. Great!/That's great.

3. Marvellous!/That's marvellous.

4. Terrific!/That's terrific.

5. That's nice./That'll be nice.

6. How exciting!

7. How thrilling!

8. How wonderful!

9. Fantastic!

Displeasure

(dull, displeased tone)

1. Oh, no!

2. Oh, dear!

3. Oh, heavens!

4. What a bore!

5. That's the limit!

11.4.2. Respond with pleasure or displeasure when some­one tells you:

1. he's got a new job.

2. he's got a new car.

3. it cost 10,000.

4. he's got a new girl-friend.

5. she's a journalist.

6. they're getting married.

11.4.3. Read the dialogue and then dramatize it.

HE   I've made up my mind. We're going to Spain for the holidays.

SHE How exciting! (Marvellous/How thrilling.)

HE    I've got a whole fortnight off this year.

SHE  A whole fortnight. That's terrific. (That'll be nice.)

HE   We'll leave in early July.

SHE Good! Are we taking the car? (Great/Marvellous.)

HE   The car? Oh no, we're going on a package tour.

SHE Oh, no! (Oh, really).

HE           And I thought we'd take mother with us.

SHE        Oh, heavens! Do we have to? (Oh dear/what a bore.) Package tour — holidays organised by travel agencies which include board and lodging and travel expenses at reduced prices.

11.4.4. Ask a friend whether he/she would like to go on a holiday with you. Tell him/her where you would like to go and what you might do there. Some of these things will please your friend; others will not.

Model: A. Would you like to go to the Black Sea coast with me?

B. How wonderful!, etc.

11.5. General understanding

11.5.1. Read the text. Try to understand it and be ready to answer the questions.

The man who escaped

(Episode 11)

1. Kate was what the Americans call 'a cool character'; nothing seemed to surprise her very much. Perhaps this was because she was an actress. She played small parts in films and on television. She didn't hesitate even for a second when Coke said he wanted her help to find the real spies. «All right», she said. «I'll start right now. Wait here! » «What do you mean? Where are you going?» Coke asked. «You'll find out when I come back. I'll have to get some things now!» Before Coke could answer, she was gone.

2. Not very far away, Baxter was still sitting in the Chief Inspector's Office. He was still looking at Masters's photograph. «What's so interesting about him? Why do you want me to follow him?» he asked. «A few days ago, quite by accident we learned a few things about him. Coke might... be innocent after all. It's only a possibility. We want to see what Masters does if Coke contacts him, the Chief Inspector answered. Baxter was even more sur­prised now. «I don't understand, sir. What do you think Masters might do?» he said. «Masters might try to kill him if he's really afraid of him». «But surely that's dangerous, sir. I mean, if Coke is innocent. Masters might kill him... and if he isn't innocent, we're letting him go free. After all. Coke might kill Masters... or someone else!» The Chief Inspector looked very serious. «That's a chance we'll have to take, Baxter!» he said.

3. Time passed very slowly for Coke that morning and afternoon. It was evening before Kate came back. She was carrying a large bundle and a lot of other things. «Here. Try these things on», she said. She unwrapped the bundle quickly and showed him a suit, shoes and shirt. There was also a coat with an expensive fur collar, the sort million­aires wear in films. «I'll have to change my appearance more than this!» he said. «Of course you will», she answered. «And I've got just the things you'll need!» First Kate dyed Coke's hair grey. Then she used some theatrical make-up to give him a much older face. Finally she put a pair of dark glasses on him, gave him a white walking-stick and led him to a mirror. He was surprised when he saw himself. An old blind man stared back at him. «And now, Kate said, you'll have to do far more than simply look like an old blind man. You'll have to walk, talk and act like one, too!» For the next hour she taught him exactly how to do that. «You learn fast. We can go now», she said finally.

4. They were walking towards a taxi-rank. «Now just tell me where we're going!» Kate said. «To a pub in Soho called «The Green Rider». Masters used to go there a lot», Coke answered. «You mean you think he's one of the spies?» «I don't know, but he didn't tell the truth at the trial. Why else should he lie?» Coke said. They got to Soho half an hour later. The streets were brightly-lit. There were people, pubs, restaurants, cinemas and strip­tease clubs everywhere. They walked on until Coke suddenly gripped Kate's arm very hard. «This is the place. Take me in!» he said. They went into the crowded, noisy room.

11.5.2. Choose the correct answer. Don't use the text.

1. The Chief Inspector wanted to see...

a) if Masters kills Coke;

b) if Coke is innocent;

c) what Masters does if Coke contacts him.

2. Kate taught Coke because...

a) he didn't look like an old man:

b) she wanted him to act like a blind man;

c) she was a good actress.

3. Coke thought that Masters was a spy be­cause

a) he used to go to «The Green Rider»:

b) he was afraid of him;

c) he didn't tell the truth at the trial.

11.5.3. Answer the teacher's questions. (Books closed.)

1. What was Kate?

2. What did the Chief Inspector want to see?

3. Why was the Chief Inspector's plan danger­ous?

4. What did Kate bring in the evening?

5. What did Kate do to Coke's hair and face?

6. Whom did Coke see in the mirror?

7. What did Kate teach Coke to do?

8. Where and why were they walking?

9. What made Coke think Masters was one of the spies?

11.5.4. Give the contents of the extract in 4 sentences.

11.6. Scanning practice

11.6.1. Read the questions. Be sure you've got them well in mind.

1. What was the verdict for the students?

2. When was the diplomat kidnapped?

3. What did the prosecution say about him?

11.6.2. Start scanning the text. Don't fail to note your time.

Two students convicted of diplomat's murder

Two students who took part in the killing in February last year of an Indian diplomat, Mr. Ravindra Mhatre, were convicted of murder at Birmingham Crown Court.

Mohammed Riaz, aged 23, a student, of Jarrom Street, Leicester, and Abdul Raja, aged 21, a student, of rue de la Butte, Blauchet, Paris, both Kashmiris, were convicted on a majority verdict of eleven to one.

They were remanded in custody for sentencing with four others who have admitted taking part in the kidnap­ping plot.

The court heard how Mr. Mhatre, the assistant com­missioner at the Indian High Commission in Birmingham, was kidnapped as he returned to his home in Bartley Green, on the outskirts of city.

He was held prisoner in Birmingham for three days before being driven to a lane in Leicestershire, where he was shot three times at point-blank range.

Mr. Igor Judge, QC, for the prosecution, said: «This happened to a man with no known enemies. It happened to a man who had never caused offence to the defendants or any of those involved in the problems thousands of miles away».

(The Times)                   (190 words)

11.6.3. Answer the questions in 11.6.1. (Books closed.)

11.7. Listening practice

11.7.1. Look at the following questions. You'll have to answer them after listening to the text.

1. Why was everybody afraid in the saloon?

2. Who hurried to the saloon?

3. Who fired first?

4. What did two cowboys do?

11.7.2. Listen to the dialogue.

11.7.3. Answer the questions in 11.7.1.

11.7.4. Look through the list of words. They will help you to understand the text.

on average — в среднем

currently — в настоящее время

regard — рассматривать

relatively — относительно

expect — ожидать

11.7.5. Listen to the story. Be ready to give the contents of it in Russian.

11.7.6. Tell the contents of the story in Russian as close to the text as possible.

11.8. Time for fun

11.8.1. Read and translate the following jokes.

1. A man was accused of stealing a pair of trousers. After a long examination he was acquitted, because the evidence against him was not sufficiently strong. He stayed, however, in the dock after his aquital had been pronounced. The lawyer who had defended him, observ­ing that he didn't go away, informed him that he was free to go wherever he wanted. The man shook his head slightly, but remained. By this time the court was nearly empty. Again his lawyer told him that he could go. «I can't go till all the witnesses against me have left the court», said the man. «And why may that be?» asked the lawyer. «Because of the stolen trousers, sir. I've got them on».

2. A barber went to a lawyer for advice. «What shall I do», he asked «to a boy who threw a stone in one of my windows and broke a pane?» «You may make his father pay for it», answered the lawyer. «Then», said the barber, «I want six shillings from you, sir, for it was your son who did it». «And if you hand me over four shillings», said the lawyer, «we shall be quits, for my fee is half a pound».

? *11.8.2. How many pounds of earth can you take out of a hole which is one foot square and one foot deep?

? *11.8.3. Can you read the address?