The Procurator’s Office in Ukraine : A Practical Guide to the Legal Profession in some English-speaking countries and Ukraine - С.М. Воронин и др : Книги по праву, правоведение

The Procurator’s Office in Ukraine

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Vocabulary

procurator – прокурор / прокурор

procurator’s office – прокуратура / прокуратура

Procurator General – Генеральний прокурор / Генеральний прокурор

to entrust – довіряти, доручати / доверять, поручать

to prosecute – переслідувати в кримінальному порядку / преследовать в уголовном порядке, преследовать в судебном порядке

prosecutor – обвинувач / обвинитель

prosecution – обвинувачення; судове переслідування / обвинение в суде

to act as a state prosecutor – діяти як державний обвинувач / выступать в качестве государственного обвинителя

detective and search activity – оперативно-розшукова діяльність / оперативно-розыскная деятельность

to inquire – розпитувати; питати / расспрашивать, расследовать

inquiry – дізнання / дознание

investigation – слідство / следствие

trial – судовий розгляд; суд / судебное разбирательство; суд

to execute – виконувати / выполнять, осуществлять

execution – виконання / исполнение

judicial – судовий / судебный

judicial decision – судове рішення / судебное решение

to apply – вживати; застосовувати / применять (ся), обращаться

application – вживання; застосування / применение, обращение

to head – очолювати / возглавлять

to appoint to office – призначати на посаду / назначать на должность

to dismiss from office – звільняти з посади / освобождать от должности, увольнять

term of authority – строк повноважень / срок полномочий

to approve the indictment – затверджувати обвинувальний акт / утвердить обвинительный акт

to transfer – передавати / передавать

to discharge function – виконувати функції / исполнять функции

to ensure – забезпечувати, гарантувати / обеспечивать, гарантировать

observance of the law – додержування, виконання закону / соблюдение закона

court order – судове розпорядження / судебный ордер

to determine – визначати / определять

a crime – злочин / преступление

guilty – винний / виновный

defense counsel – захисник / защитник, адвокат защиты

to present evidence – представляти докази / представлять доказательства

defendant – підзахисний / подзащитный, обвиняемый

injured party – потерпілий / потерпевший

to question witnesses – опитувати свідків / опрашивать свидетелей

to submit evidence – подавати на розгляд докази / подавать на рассмотрение доказательства

to challenge – відводити, відкликати (членів суду) / давать отвод (членам суда)

to pronounce one’s final speech for the prosecution– виголосити вирішальну промову / произносить обвинительную речь

to lodge protest – подавати скаргу / направлять протест

judgement – вирок, постанова суду / приговор, решение суда

places of confinement – місця позбавлення волі / места лишения свободы

to verify – перевіряти, свідчити, засвідчити / проверять, заверять

convicted person – засуджений / осуждённый

to release – звільняти / освобождать

to supervise – здійснювати нагляд / осуществлять надзор

powers of supervision – наглядові повноваження / полномочия по надзору

Through what bodies does the state combat crime?

The state combats crime through the courts, the Procurator’s Office, investigating authorities, state security bodies, militia and other law enforcement agencies.

What is the Procurator’s office of Ukraine?

The Procurator’s office is the state body that is established to exercise supervisory power over the strict observance and application of law by all ministries, organizations, institutions, officials and citizens of the State.

It is entrusted with:

prosecution in court on behalf of the State;

representation of the interests of a citizen or of the State in Court;

supervision of the observance of laws by bodies that conduct detective and search activity, inquiry and pre-trial investigation;

 supervision of the observance of laws in the execution of judicial decisions in criminal cases

Who is the Procurator’s Office headed by?

 The Procurator’s office of Ukraine is headed by the Procurator General of Ukraine.

Is the Procurator General of Ukraine elected or appointed?

He is appointed to office and dismissed from office by the President of Ukraine.

What is the term of authority of the Procurator General?

 The term of authority of the Procurator General of Ukraine is five years.

What are the main duties of the procurator?

The procurator has the right, and it is his duty, to appeal against all decisions and actions of state bodies and officials which he considers to be unlawful. Every citizen has the right to complain to the procurator concerning any violation of the law.

When does the procurator have the right to bring the guilty person to trial?

When a breach of law contains the elements of a crime it is   the duty of the procurator to bring the guilty person to trial.

Who supervises the investigation of cases conducted by the Militia?

The procurator supervises the investigation of cases conducted by the Militia, and other state security bodies. The Procurator’s Office institutes criminal cases and investigates criminal cases, ascertains the circumstances under which crimes were committed, collects evidence against the criminals and their accomplices and sees to it that other investigating bodies act within the law.

Who transfers the criminal case to the court?

After the investigation of a criminal case the procurator approves the indictment and transfers it to the court.

10) What are the functions of the procurator in the trial?

The procurator discharges important functions in the trial. In criminal cases he acts as the state prosecutor. Like other participants in the trial (the defence counsel, the injured party) he may question witnesses, take part in the investigation of evidence and submit fresh evidence in the court, challenge the members of the court. When the court investigation is over, he pronounces his final speech for the prosecution.

11) Does the procurator have the right to lodge protests with higher judicial bodies against the sentences and decisions of the courts which he finds illegal?

The procurator may lodge his protest against the court’s judgement, decision or rider in a higher court, which passes a final decision on his protest.

12) Does the procurator have the right to withdraw the charge?

If the procurator is of the opinion that the accused is not guilty, it is his duty to withdraw the charge.

13) In what way does the procurator supervise the execution of judicial decisions?

The procurator has broad powers of supervision over the observance of legality in places of confinement. He verifies the legality of keeping persons in places of confinement. He ensures that the statutory regime rules and the rules of labour for convicted persons are observed. He supervises the state of educational work.

14) What rights does the procurator have to discharge these functions?

To discharge these functions, the procurator has the right to inspect places of confinement at any time, to study documents, to question prisoners in person and to demand personal explanations from the administration.


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