The Law System in Ukraine : A Practical Guide to the Legal Profession in some English-speaking countries and Ukraine - С.М. Воронин и др : Книги по праву, правоведение

The Law System in Ukraine

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 
17 18 19 20 21 22 
РЕКЛАМА
<

Vocabulary

law – закон, право / закон, право

to establish a system – встановлювати систему / устанавливать систему

a category of law – галузь права / отрасль права

rule of law – норма права / норма права

the principal source of law – головне джерело права / основной источник права

to arise from – виникати з / возникать из

individual types of crimes – індивідуальні типи злочинів / индивидуальные виды преступлений

to apply punishment – застосовувати покарання / применять наказание

to take the form of a code – приймати вид кодексу / принимать вид кодекса

to deal with – мати справу, займатися / иметь дело, заниматься

to safeguard – захищати / охранять

public law – публічне право / публичное право

private law – приватне право / частное право

wrong n – правопорушення, шкода / вред, правонарушение

executive and administrative activity – виконавча і керівна діяльність / исполнительная и руководящая деятельность

to harm – завдавати шкоди / наносить вред, ущерб

government – влада, уряд, керування / власть, правительство, управление

taxation – оподаткування / налогообложение

employment – робота, служба; наймання / работа, занятость

labour – праця, робота / труд, работа

the right to property – право на майно, право власності / право на имущество, право собственности

What is law?

Law is a system of rules established by the state.

What is the main aim of law?

The main aim of law is to consolidate and safeguard the social and state system and its economic foundation.

What’s the difference between private (or civil) law and public law?

One important distinction made in all countries is between private – or civil – law and public law. Civil law concerns disputes among citizens within a country, and public law concerns disputes between citizens and the state, or between one state and another.

4)  What categories of law does the system of law in Ukraine consist of?

The system of law in this country consists of different categories of law: Constitutional law, Administrative law, International law, Civil law, Financial law, Labour law and others.

5)  What is the principal source of Constitutional law?

Constitutional law is a leading category of the whole system of law. Its principal source is the country’s Constitution. It deals with social structure, the state system, organization of state power and the legal status of citizens.

6)  What category of law is closely connected with Constitutional law?

Administrative law is closely connected with constitutional law but it deals with the legal forms of concrete executive and administrative activity of a government and ministries.

7)  What does Criminal law define?

Criminal law defines the general principles of criminal responsibility, individual types of crimes and punishment applied to criminals.

     8)  What is a crime?

Crimes are wrongs which are considered to harm the wellbeing of society in general.

9)  What form does Criminal law take?

Criminal law takes the form of a criminal code.

10) What kind of relations does International law regulate?

International law regulates relations between governments and also between private citizens of one country and those of another.

11) What does Financial law regulate?

Financial law regulates the budget, taxation, state credits and other spheres of financial activity.

12) What is Civil law connected with?

Civil law is connected with relations in the economic sphere of life, with relations involving property, its distribution and exchange. The right to property is the central institution of civil law.

13) What rules does Labour law include?

The rules of Labour law include the legislation on the employment of industrial and office workers and regulate matters arising from employment relations.


<